Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of perfusion using magnetic labeling of water proton spins within the detection slice

Magn Reson Med. 1996 Apr;35(4):540-6. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910350413.


A technique for noninvasive quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of perfusion is presented. It relies on using endogenous water as a freely diffusible tracer. Tissue water proton spins are magnetically labeled by slice-selective inversion, and longitudinal relaxation within the slice is detected using a fast gradient echo magnetic resonance imaging technique. Due to blood flow, nonexcited spins are washed into the slice resulting in an acceleration of the longitudinal relaxation process. Incorporating this phenomenon into the Bloch equation yields an expression that allows quantification of perfusion on the basis of a slice-selective and a nonselective inversion recovery experiment. Based on this technique, quantitative parameter maps of the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were obtained from eight rats. Evaluation of regions of interest within the cerebral hemispheres yielded an average rCBF value of 104 +/- 21 ml/min/100 g, which increased to 219 +/- 30 ml/min/100 g during hypercapnia. The measured rCBF values are in good agreement with previously reported literature values.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Female
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Protons
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Water


  • Protons
  • Water