LSP1 is the major substrate for mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 in human neutrophils

J Biol Chem. 1997 Jan 3;272(1):17-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.272.1.17.


In intact cells, mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein (MAPKAP) kinase 2 is rapidly activated by various cytokines, stresses, and chemotactic factors. The small heat shock protein p27 has been shown to be a substrate for MAPKAP kinase 2. Recently, we identified a novel substrate, designated p60, for MAPKAP kinase 2 in human neutrophils (Zu, Y.-L., Ai, Y., Gilchrist, A., Labadia, M. E., Sha'afi, R. I., and Huang, C.-K. (1996) Blood 87, 5287-5296). To further understand the signaling pathway of MAPKAP kinase 2, we have purified p60 from a heat-treated neutrophil lysate by DEAE-cellulose chromatography and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Microsequencing of five peptides derived from purified p60 indicates that p60 is lymphocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1). Furthermore antibodies specific for human and mouse LSP1 react with human and mouse p60. The sequence of human LSP1 indicates two serine residues at positions 204 and 252 as potential phosphorylation sites. The amino acid sequences surrounding these two sites are in agreement with the consensus sequence (Xaa-Xaa-Hyd-Xaa-Arg-Xaa-Xaa-Ser-Xaa-Xaa) for phosphorylation by MAPKAP kinase 2. Both serine residues in human LSP1 and the corresponding conserved serine residues in mouse LSP1 are in the basic C-terminal F-actin binding domain. Various fusion proteins of wild type and truncated mouse LSP1 with glutathione S-transferase were tested for their capacity to be phosphorylated by MAPKAP kinase 2. The results indicate that LSP1 is a substrate for MAPKAP kinase 2 in vitro and that the phosphorylation sites are located in the basic C-terminal domain of LSP1. Because both the small heat shock proteins and LSP1 are F-actin binding proteins, these results suggest a role for MAPKAP kinase 2 in the regulation of cytoskeletal structure or function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mice
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • LSP1 protein, human
  • Lsp1 protein, mouse
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • MAP-kinase-activated kinase 2
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases