Purpose: Capsaicin was used to treat symptomatic patients with hyperactive or hypersensitive bladders.
Materials and methods: Capsaicin solution (1 mM.) was instilled into the bladder of 16 patients with spinal hyperreflexia, bladder instability or hypersensibility.
Results: Frequency decreased in 14 patients and continence was achieved in 10 of 14 incontinent cases. Mean first desire to void and maximal cystometric capacity increased significantly. These effects lasted for 6 to 12 months and were renewed following repeat treatment.
Conclusions: Bladder afferent desensitization with capsaicin is promising in patients with motor or sensory bladder dysfunction, although initial pungency might limit its use.