Molecular cloning of a complementary DNA for a membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46)/measles virus receptor on Vero cells and its functional characterization

Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Dec;19(12):1541-5. doi: 10.1248/bpb.19.1541.


We isolated a 1257-bp cDNA encoding a membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46)/measles virus (MV) receptor-like protein from a cDNA library of Vero cells, in which wild MV strains were established. Vero cells contain MCP mRNA splice products encoding different cytoplasmic tails like human cells. The deduced amino acid sequence of the cDNA was 86% identical to that of human MCP. Vero cell MCP expressed on CHO cells was recognized by monoclonal antibodies against human MCP, and served as a potent MV receptor. In addition, Vero MCP was as effective as human MCP in human factor I-mediated C3b cleavage. Thus, the high MV susceptibility of Vero cells can in part be attributed to an MCP-like molecule that is structurally and functionally similar to human MCP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / biosynthesis*
  • Base Sequence
  • CHO Cells
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Receptors, Virus / biosynthesis*
  • Transfection
  • Vero Cells


  • Antigens, CD
  • CD46 protein, human
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Virus

Associated data

  • GENBANK/D63811
  • GENBANK/D78368