Effectiveness of individualized neurodevelopmental care in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU)

Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1996 Oct;416:21-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1996.tb14273.x.


The individual infant's neurodevelopmental process provides an integrative framework for the delivery of medical care needed to assure the infant's survival and quality of outcome. The infant's neurobehavioral functioning and expression provides an opportunity for caregivers to estimate the individual infant's current strengths, vulnerabilities and threshold to disorganization, as well as to identify the infant's strategies in collaborating in his or her best progression. This perspective supports caregivers in seeing themselves in a relationship with the infant, and in considering opportunities to enhance the infant's strengths and reduce apparent stressors in collaboration with the infant and the family. The results of several randomized studies supporting the effectiveness of such a neurodevelopment approach to NICU care will be presented, and suggest implications for staff education and nursery-wide implementation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / growth & development
  • Child Development
  • Family
  • Humans
  • Infant Behavior
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature* / growth & development
  • Infant, Premature* / psychology
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods*
  • Patient Care Planning*
  • Patient Care Team