Case report: pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax complicating colonoscopy

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1996 Aug;11(8):789-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.1996.tb00334.x.


Colonic perforation is potentially the most serious complication of colonoscopy. Both the clinical manifestation and rapidity of onset of symptoms can vary depending on whether the perforation occurs directly into the peritoneal cavity or into the retroperitoneal space. Colonic perforation is often associated with abdominal pain, although more uncommon presentations have been documented. A case report of a unilateral pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum complicating colonoscopy is described, which responded well to conservative measures without recourse to surgical intervention, antibiotic therapy or parenteral alimentation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Colonic Polyps / pathology
  • Colonic Polyps / surgery
  • Colonoscopy / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mediastinal Emphysema / etiology*
  • Pneumothorax / diagnostic imaging
  • Pneumothorax / etiology*
  • Radiography, Thoracic