Functional and pathophysiological models of the basal ganglia

Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1996 Dec;6(6):751-8. doi: 10.1016/s0959-4388(96)80024-9.


Because of new data, anatomical and functional models of the basal ganglia in normal and pathological conditions (e.g. Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases) have recently come under greater scrutiny. An update of these models is clearly timely, taking into consideration not only changes in neuronal discharge rates, but also changes in the patterning and synchronization of neuronal discharge, the role of extrastriatal dopamine, and expanded intrinsic and input/output connections of these nuclei.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basal Ganglia / anatomy & histology
  • Basal Ganglia / physiology*
  • Basal Ganglia / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological