Endostatin: An Endogenous Inhibitor of Angiogenesis and Tumor Growth

Cell. 1997 Jan 24;88(2):277-85. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81848-6.

Abstract

We previously identified the angiogenesis inhibitor angiostatin. Using a similar strategy, we have identified endostatin, an angiogenesis inhibitor produced by hemangioendothelioma. Endostatin is a 20 kDa C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII. Endostatin specifically inhibits endothelial proliferation and potently inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth. By a novel method of sustained release, E. coli-derived endostatin was administered as a nonrefolded suspension. Primary tumors were regressed to dormant microscopic lesions. Immunohistochemistry revealed blocked angiogenesis accompanied by high proliferation balanced by apoptosis in tumor cells. There was no toxicity. Together with angiostatin data, these findings validate a strategy for identifying endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors, suggest a theme of fragments of proteins as angiogenesis inhibitors, and demonstrate dormancy therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Capillaries / cytology
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Collagen / chemistry
  • Collagen / isolation & purification
  • Collagen / pharmacology*
  • Collagen / toxicity
  • Collagen Type XVIII
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Endostatins
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Hemangioendothelioma / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / blood supply
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / drug effects*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / isolation & purification
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • Peptide Fragments / toxicity
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Collagen Type XVIII
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Endostatins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Collagen