Smoking and immunity: an additional player in the mosaic of autoimmunity

Scand J Immunol. 1997 Jan;45(1):1-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3083.1997.d01-366.x.


Autoimmune diseases are associated with a variety of predisposing factors. However, the relative contribution of each remains to be established. The purpose of the paper is to focus on cigarette smoking, a common Western habit, as a possible environmental factor for the emergence of autoimmunity. This association is described in view of several recent studies documenting increased susceptibility to autoimmune diseases among smokers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoimmune Diseases / etiology*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Smoking / immunology*