Long-term Results of Lung Metastasectomy: Prognostic Analyses Based on 5206 Cases

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Jan;113(1):37-49. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5223(97)70397-0.

Abstract

Objectives: The International Registry of Lung Metastases was established in 1991 to assess the long-term results of pulmonary metastasectomy.

Methods: The Registry has accrued 5206 cases of lung metastasectomy, from 18 departments of thoracic surgery in Europe (n = 13), the United States (n = 4) and Canada (n = 1). Of these patients, 4572 (88%) underwent complete surgical resection. The primary tumor was epithelial in 2260 cases, sarcoma in 2173, germ cell in 363, and melanoma in 328. The disease-free interval was 0 to 11 months in 2199 cases, 12 to 35 months in 1857, and more than 36 months in 1620. Single metastases accounted for 2383 cases and multiple lesions for 2726. Mean follow-up was 46 months. Analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival, relative risks of death, and multivariate Cox model.

Results: The actuarial survival after complete metastasectomy was 36% at 5 years, 26% at 10 years, and 22% at 15 years (median 35 months); the corresponding values for incomplete resection were 13% at 5 years and 7% at 10 years (median 15 months). Among complete resections, the 5-year survival was 33% for patients with a disease-free interval of 0 to 11 months and 45% for those with a disease-free interval of more than 36 months; 43% for single lesions and 27% for four or more lesions. Multivariate analysis showed a better prognosis for patients with germ cell tumors, disease-free intervals of 36 months or more, and single metastases.

Conclusions: These results confirm that lung metastasectomy is a safe and potentially curative procedure. Resectability, disease-free interval, and number of metastases enabled us to design a simple system of classification valid for different tumor types.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Survival Analysis