The effect of small bowel transplantation on the morphology and physiology of intestinal muscle: a comparison of autografts versus allografts in dogs

Transplantation. 1997 Jan 27;63(2):186-94. doi: 10.1097/00007890-199701270-00003.


The effects of acute (AR) and chronic rejection (CR) on intestinal smooth muscle that are responsible for the dysmotility following small bowel transplantation (SBTX) are incompletely understood. Jejunal and ileal specimens from normal control dogs (n=7), and autotransplanted dogs were examined at 7 days (n=6) and 1 (n=7), 3 (n=6), 6 (n=6), and 12 months (n=6). Allotransplanted dogs that developed AR (n=8) and CR (n=5) were examined for gross and microscopic morphology (muscle thickness, the number and size of myocytes, and inflammatory infiltrate), and for contractile and intracellular electrical function in vitro. Auto-SBTX did not alter morphology at any period, but contractile function was impaired at 7 days (73.6%) compared with normal intestine. Acute rejection did not influence myocyte number or size, but was associated with a prominent infiltrate of neutrophils and lymphocytes, and severely impaired contractile function (20.6%) compared with auto-SBTX controls. Acute rejection also significantly inhibited the amplitude of slow waves and of inhibitory junction potentials. Chronic rejection caused thickening of muscularis propria by both hyperplasia (175.5%) and hypertrophy (202.6%) accompanied by moderate inflammatory cell infiltrate compared with auto-SBTX controls. We conclude that the marked inflammatory infiltrate into the muscularis propria indicates that the graft muscle is injured by both acute and chronic rejection; impaired function of intestinal smooth muscle following SBTX results from both rejection and the injury associated with transplantation, and chronic rejection following SBTX is associated with both hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the muscularis propria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • Graft Rejection / pathology*
  • Graft Rejection / physiopathology
  • Hyperplasia
  • Hypertrophy
  • Ileum / pathology
  • Ileum / physiology
  • Ileum / transplantation
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Intestine, Small / pathology
  • Intestine, Small / physiology*
  • Intestine, Small / transplantation*
  • Jejunum / pathology
  • Jejunum / physiology
  • Jejunum / transplantation
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth / pathology
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiology
  • Muscle, Smooth / transplantation*
  • Neuromuscular Junction / physiology*
  • Synaptic Transmission
  • Transplantation, Autologous / pathology
  • Transplantation, Autologous / physiology
  • Transplantation, Homologous / pathology*
  • Transplantation, Homologous / physiology*