Purpose: To evaluate the 4-year postoperative outcomes of patients who are highly myopic who underwent clear lensectomy via phacoemulsification and low power posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.
Methods: The authors performed surgery in 52 eyes of 30 patients in which prophylactic retinal treatment, clear lensectomy, and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation were used to treat high myopia of 12 diopters (D) or greater. A total of 49 eyes of 28 patients were evaluated at the 4-year postoperative timeframe. Visual acuity, complications, and refractive stability were assessed.
Results: The incidence of retinal detachment through 4 years was 1.9%. No new macular complications were observed. Two patients had posterior vitreous detachment without clinical impact between 1 and 4 years after surgery. The incidence of neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy was 36.7%. The mean postoperative spherical equivalent was -0.92 D. Four patients had a myopic shift of 0.50 D to 1.00 D from the 1- to 4-year timeframe. Corrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better was achieved in 82% of eyes that had undergone Nd:YAG capsulotomy versus 56% of untreated eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity of 20/100 or better was achieved in 82% of eyes treated with the Nd:YAG laser versus 62% of untreated eyes.
Conclusion: Visual acuity and refractive outcomes with clear lensectomy are favorable. Retinal detachment remains the major concern of this procedure. Continuous follow-up of these patients is necessary.