The Museum Vrolik collection of human anatomy comprises 360 recently re-described specimens with congenital anomalies. The external findings in one of these specimens, originally described by Willem Vrolik (1801-1863) 130 years ago, were suggestive of Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome. Cholesterol synthesis was analyzed in skin biopsies, obtained from the suspected SLO specimen and a control specimen. The cholesterol levels in the SLO specimen and in the control specimen were in the proportion of 1 to 45. This confirms the diagnosis in this specimen which, to our knowledge, represents the oldest known case of SLO syndrome.