Reliable cloning of functional antibody variable domains from hybridomas and spleen cell repertoires employing a reengineered phage display system

J Immunol Methods. 1997 Feb 14;201(1):35-55. doi: 10.1016/s0022-1759(96)00208-6.


A prerequisite for the use of recombinant antibody technologies starting from hybridomas or immune repertoires is the reliable cloning of functional immunoglobulin genes. For this purpose, a standard phage display system was optimized for robustness, vector stability, tight control of scFv-delta geneIII expression, primer usage for PCR amplification of variable region genes, scFv assembly strategy and subsequent directional cloning using a single rare cutting restriction enzyme. This integrated cloning, screening and selection system allowed us to rapidly obtain antigen binding scFvs derived from spleen-cell repertoires of mice immunized with ampicillin as well as from all hybridoma cell lines tested to date. As representative examples, cloning of monoclonal antibodies against a his tag, leucine zippers, the tumor marker EGP-2 and the insecticide DDT is presented. Several hybridomas whose genes could not be cloned in previous experimental setups, but were successfully obtained with the present system, expressed high amounts of aberrant heavy and light chain mRNAs, which were amplified by PCR and greatly exceeded the amount of binding antibody sequences. These contaminating variable region genes were successfully eliminated by employing the optimized phage display system, thus avoiding time consuming sequencing of non-binding scFv genes. To maximize soluble expression of functional scFvs subsequent to cloning, a compatible vector series to simplify modification, detection, multimerization and rapid purification of recombinant antibody fragments was constructed.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites, Antibody*
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods*
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Genes, Immunoglobulin*
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Hybridomas
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Library
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Spleen / cytology
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • DNA Primers
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region
  • Peptide Library
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X99506
  • GENBANK/X99507
  • GENBANK/X99508
  • GENBANK/X99509