Bladder rehabilitation, the effect of a cognitive training programme on urge incontinence

Eur Urol. 1997;31(1):68-72. doi: 10.1159/000474421.


Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a 10-day inpatient treatment programme for persistent urge incontinence based on behavior modification via biofeedback of micturition behavior.

Methods: 95 patients aged 6-17 (86 girls, 9 boys) with documented and persistent urge incontinence, with or without dysfunctional voiding, mostly based on recurrent urinary tract infections, and at least a 1 year lasting failure of standard regimen and pharmacological therapy, were 'cognitively' treated. After 6 months the patients were evaluated for flow pattern, number of wet incidents, micturition frequency and urge compliants.

Results: 65 patients (68.4%) obtained good results, 12 (12.6%) showed average improvement, 18 patients (19%) did not improve.

Conclusions: This cognitive noninvasive treatment programme seems promising in its effectiveness and compares favorably with existing biofeedback methods based on urodynamic procedures, although expensive by its inpatient status. Further study towards an outpatient implementation is needed.

MeSH terms

  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Child
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization / economics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Time Factors
  • Toilet Training*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Incontinence / prevention & control
  • Urinary Incontinence / rehabilitation*