Young children's social relationships with siblings and friends

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1997 Jan;67(1):102-11. doi: 10.1037/h0080215.


Relationships with a close friend and a younger sibling were investigated in 30 first-born young children. Greater positive affect and reciprocity were found between friends than between siblings. Limited support for the consistency of individual differences in relationship quality across friend and sibling dyads was also revealed. Implications for child development and future research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Birth Order / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Observation
  • Psychology, Child*
  • Sibling Relations*
  • Social Behavior