Complications of barium enema examinations: a survey of UK Consultant Radiologists 1992 to 1994

Clin Radiol. 1997 Feb;52(2):142-8. doi: 10.1016/s0009-9260(97)80108-0.

Abstract

Questionnaires were sent to all Consultant Radiologists in the UK regarding complications from barium enema examinations. The 756 respondents performed a total of 738,216 examinations over the three year period 1992 to 1994. Seventy-seven Consultants (10.2%) reported a total of 82 complications including 13 deaths: an overall mortality rate of 1 in 56,786. Only three of 30 (10%) cases of bowel perforation died, as compared with nine out of 16 (56%) cases of cardiac arrhythmia. The only remaining death was a consequence of vaginal intubation. Details of all the reported complications are recorded. This was an entirely retrospective study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / epidemiology
  • Barium Sulfate / adverse effects*
  • Data Collection
  • Drug Hypersensitivity / epidemiology
  • Enema / adverse effects*
  • Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / epidemiology
  • Fecal Impaction / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Foreign Bodies / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intestinal Perforation / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sepsis / epidemiology
  • Vagina

Substances

  • Barium Sulfate