The acetamidase-encoding amdS gene of Aspergillus nidulans has been shown to be controlled by multiple regulatory genes. A new gene, amdX, involved in amdS regulation was identified during the characterization of a translocation affecting amdS control. The amdX gene is predicted to encode a 1150-amino-acid polypeptide which contains two Cys-2-His-2 (C2H2) zinc finger DNA-binding motifs. Insertional inactivation of amdX and the phenotypes of transformants containing multiple copies of the amdX gene show that it is an activator of amdS expression. A fusion protein containing the AmdX zinc fingers was found to bind to sequences in the 5' region of amdS which overlap binding sites for the CreA and AmdA regulatory proteins. Evidence is presented for AmdX acting at these sites in vivo.