Structural identification of the hematopoietic progenitor antigen ER-MP12 as the vascular endothelial adhesion molecule PECAM-1 (CD31)

Eur J Immunol. 1997 Feb;27(2):509-14. doi: 10.1002/eji.1830270223.


The monoclonal antibody ER-MP12 was recently described to recognize an antigen present on cell subpopulations of adult mouse bone marrow, including pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells. In an effort to understand the function of ER-MP12 antigen in hematopoiesis, we used biochemical and physical methods to determine its identity. ER-MP12 antigen was isolated by immunoprecipitation from FDCP-1 cell membrane proteins, yielding a glycosylated 113-kDa band upon analysis by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Thirteen peptides derived from trypsinized ER-MP12 antigen were analyzed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and compared to a protein sequence database. The search revealed the identity of the ER-MP12 antigen as platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, CD31 (PECAM-1). This result was subsequently confirmed by Edman sequencing of a single ER-MP12 peptide fragment followed by comparison with PECAM-1 sequence. In addition, flow cytometric analysis of bone marrow and embryonic stem cells revealed highly similar profiles between ER-MP12 and CD31 (MEC 13.3 antibody)-stained cells. The presence of PECAM-1 on primitive hematopoietic stem cells supports the theory for the interaction of hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells with bone marrow stroma and transendothelial migration.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, Differentiation / immunology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / analysis*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Differentiation
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L06039