Neuropsychiatric consequences of stroke

Annu Rev Med. 1997;48:217-29. doi: 10.1146/


Numerous emotional and behavioral disorders occur following cerebrovascular lesions. Depression is the most common of these, affecting up to 40% of patients. Clinical correlates of post-stroke depression include severity of physical and cognitive impairment as well as location of brain injury. Perhaps the most compelling reason to identify post-stroke depression, however, is its substantial impact on recovery in activities of daily living, cognitive function, and survival. Antidepressant medication has been shown to effectively treat depression, although its administration may require careful clinical monitoring. Other post-stroke emotional/behavioral disorders include mania, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, apathy, and pathological crying. Controlled studies have not documented the effect of these disorders on long-term recovery, but the potential impact of syndromes such as mania and apathy on rehabilitation efforts or pathological crying on social functioning are evident. With the exception of pathological crying, which has been shown to respond to antidepressant drug therapy, the other post-stroke emotional/behavioral disorders need to be evaluated in controlled treatment trials for response to therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Affective Symptoms / diagnosis*
  • Affective Symptoms / psychology
  • Affective Symptoms / rehabilitation
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / psychology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cognition Disorders / psychology
  • Cognition Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / psychology
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Patient Care Team
  • Treatment Outcome