Mapping of the human adenosine A2a receptor gene: relationship to potential schizophrenia loci on chromosome 22q and exclusion from the CATCH 22 region

Hum Genet. 1997 Mar;99(3):326-8. doi: 10.1007/s004390050366.


Chromosome 22 contains two potential schizophrenia loci on chromosomal regions 22q11.2 and 22q12-13. In the present study we report results from linkage mapping of the gene coding for the human A2a adenosine receptor (AR), which is one of two receptors mediating central nervous system effects of adenosine. From seven CEPH (Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain) families, 120 individuals were typed utilizing an intragenic restriction fragment length polymorphism. Significant linkage was found with many markers on chromosome 22. A 10-cM 1000:1 support interval between markers D22S301 and D22S300 is defined on the CHLC (Cooperative Human Linkage Center) framework map of chromosome 22. Localization of the A2aAR gene outside the CATCH 22 syndrome region on 22q11.2 is demonstrated by the observation of heterozygous individuals with defined 2-Mb deletions from this region. Thus, the A2aAR gene is not the schizophrenia susceptibility gene suspected in the CATCH 22 syndrome region on 22q11.2, but remains a candidate for a schizophrenia susceptibility gene on 22q12-13.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22*
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1 / genetics*
  • Schizophrenia / genetics*
  • Syndrome


  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1