Objective: To study if there is an association between mildly elevated body iron and glucose homeostasis indexes.
Research design and methods: A cross-sectional population study was conducted in 1,013 middle-aged men, and an association of serum ferritin with concentrations of serum insulin, blood glucose, and serum fructosamine was tested.
Results: The mean concentration of fasting serum insulin was 21.6% higher (95% CI 7.3-37.9%, P < 0.001) in the 5th quintile of serum ferritin compared with the 1st quintile. The elevation in blood glucose was 6.1% (95% CI 2.3-9.9%, P < 0.001) and in serum fructosamine 3.9% (1.5-6.9%, P < 0.01).
Conclusions: Mildly elevated body iron stores are associated with statistically significant elevations in glucose homeostasis indexes.