Combined cataract and glaucoma procedures using temporal cataract surgery

J Cataract Refract Surg. 1996 Dec;22(10):1485-91. doi: 10.1016/s0886-3350(96)80152-0.


Purpose: To evaluate whether separating the procedures in a combined procedure by performing a temporal cataract incision and superior trabeculectomy induces the lower astigmatism of a temporal cataract incision without sacrificing intraocular pressure (IOP) control.

Setting: EyeSight Associates, Warner Robins, Georgia.

Methods: This study evaluated 50 consecutive eyes receiving a superior cataract incision with a superonasal trabeculectomy and 65 eyes receiving a temporal cataract incision with a superonasal trabeculectomy.

Results: After 3 months, a substantially greater proportion of temporal incision cases had controlled IOP without medication. A substantially higher proportion in the superior incision group had uncontrolled IOP at each time period. Mean surgically induced cylinder was higher in the superior incision group at every time period. The superior group had early with-the-rule mean induced cylinder that decayed to against-the-rule, with a mean induced cylinder with keratometry at the final available visit (more than 3 months) of -1.01 diopter (D). The temporal group started with a negligible induced cylinder (-0.13 D) that drifted slightly with the rule to a final mean induced cylinder of +0.49 D. At the last visit, 31% in the superior incision group and 57% in the temporal incision group had an uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better, and 72% and 94%, respectively, had a best corrected acuity of 20/40 or better.

Conclusion: Separating the cataract and glaucoma procedures frees the surgeon to use newer astigmatically neutral techniques for the cataract incision.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Astigmatism / prevention & control
  • Cataract / complications
  • Cataract / physiopathology
  • Cataract Extraction / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glaucoma / complications
  • Glaucoma / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Lenses, Intraocular
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Trabeculectomy / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology