Hippocampal interneurons express a novel form of synaptic plasticity

Neuron. 1997 Feb;18(2):295-305. doi: 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80269-x.

Abstract

Individual GABAergic interneurons in hippocampus can powerfully inhibit more than a thousand excitatory pyramidal neurons. Therefore, control of interneuron excitability provides control over hippocampal networks. We have identified a novel mechanism in hippocampus that weakens excitatory synapses onto GABAergic interneurons. Following stimulation that elicits long-term potentiation at neighboring synapses onto excitatory cells, excitatory synapses onto inhibitory interneurons undergo a long-term synaptic depression (interneuron LTD; iLTD). Unlike most other forms of hippocampal synaptic plasticity, iLTD is not synapse specific: stimulation of an afferent pathway triggers depression not only of activated synapses but also of inactive excitatory synapses onto the same interneuron. These results suggest that high frequency afferent activity increases hippocampal excitability through a dual mechanism, simultaneously potentiating synapses onto excitatory neurons and depressing synapses onto inhibitory neurons.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Afferent Pathways / physiology
  • Animals
  • Brain Mapping
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Hippocampus / cytology
  • Hippocampus / physiology*
  • Interneurons / physiology*
  • Interneurons / ultrastructure
  • Long-Term Potentiation
  • Neuronal Plasticity*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Synapses / physiology
  • Synaptic Transmission
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / physiology

Substances

  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid