Transactivation of an inducible anti-oxidative stress protein, human thioredoxin by HTLV-I Tax

Immunol Lett. 1996 Dec;54(2-3):67-71. doi: 10.1016/s0165-2478(96)02651-x.


Adult T-cell leukemia derived factor (ADF)/human thioredoxin (TRX), which has thiol reducing and radical scavenging activities, plays an essential role on cellular protection against oxidative stress and cell death. TRX itself is induced by various oxidative stress as well as the Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax protein. To investigate the mechanism of this induction, the promoter region of the TRX gene was analyzed. Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter constructs containing the TRX promoter sequences responded to the overexpression of the Tax protein, whereas various oxidative agents activated the TRX promoter through a newly identified oxidative responsive element. Moreover, TRX was translocated from the cytoplasm into the nucleus by ultraviolet irradiation, suggesting its possible role on sensing and transducing oxidative signals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Cell Nucleus
  • Cytokines / genetics*
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Products, tax / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Thioredoxins / genetics*
  • Thioredoxins / metabolism
  • Transcriptional Activation*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Cytokines
  • Gene Products, tax
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • adult T cell leukemia-derived factor
  • Thioredoxins