Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the short-term toxicoses associated with pegylated-liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil) administered to dogs with measurable tumors of various histologic types and sites. Preliminary information regarding efficacy was also generated.
Methods: A group of 51 dogs with histologically confirmed malignancies received a total of 103 Doxil treatments given i.v. every 3 weeks at dosages ranging from 0.75 to 1.1 mg/kg in the context of a phase I dose-escalation trial. Acute and short-term toxicities as well as tumor response and duration of response were characterized.
Results: The maximally tolerated dose in tumor-bearing dogs was established as 1.0 mg/kg i.v. every 3 weeks. The dose-limiting toxicity was a cutaneous toxicity clinically resembling palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPES). An overall response rate of 25.5% was observed with five complete responders and eight partial responders.
Conclusions: Doxil appeared to be well tolerated at dosages similar to those tolerated for free doxorubicin in tumor-bearing dogs. PPES was the dose-limiting toxicity encountered, rather than myelosuppresion as is the case with free doxorubicin in dogs. Doxil as a single agent may have a broad spectrum of activity and deserves further evaluation.