We have constructed the linkage map with precise genetic analysis of the Syrian hamster, Mesocricetus auratus, according to the restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS) spot mapping method. Although only 3.2-6.6% of the total RLGS spots between the two strains, ACN and BIO 14.6, showed genetic variance, 572 loci were found to be polymorphic. Out of 569 RLGS loci and 3 other loci, 531 were mapped with the backcross (ACN x BIO 14.6) F1 x BIO 14.6. The cumulative map was 1111.6 cM, indicating that the spots/loci are located throughout the genome at 1.94 cM intervals on average. Thus, RLGS provides us with a rapid tool to construct the genetic map of any species, even if it has less genetic variation.