Amphetamine derivative related deaths

Forensic Sci Int. 1997 Feb 28;85(2):149-57. doi: 10.1016/s0379-0738(96)02095-6.


Amphetamine its methylendioxy (methylendioxyamphetamine methylenedioxymethylamphetamine, methylenedioxyethylamphetamine) and methoxy derivatives (p-methoxyamphetamine and p-methoxymethylamphetamine) are widely abused in Spanish society. We present here the results of a systematic study of all cases of deaths brought to the attention of the Madrid department of the Instituto Nacional de Toxicologia from 1993 to 1995 in which some of these drugs have been found in the cadaveric blood. The cases were divided into three categories: amphetamine and derivatives, amphetamines and alcohol, amphetamines and other drugs. Data on age, sex, clinical symptoms, morphological findings, circumstances of death, when known, and concentration of amphetamine derivatives, alcohol and other drugs in blood are given for each group. The information provided here may prove to be useful for the forensic interpretation of deaths which are directly or indirectly related to abuse of amphetamine derivatives.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amphetamines*
  • Cause of Death
  • Female
  • Forensic Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / blood
  • Substance-Related Disorders / mortality*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / pathology*


  • Amphetamines