Signal transduction by the neurotrophin receptors

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1997 Apr;9(2):213-21. doi: 10.1016/s0955-0674(97)80065-8.

Abstract

The neurotrophins signal cell survival, differentiation, growth cessation, and apoptosis through two cell surface receptors, the Trks and p75NTR (p75 neurotrophin receptor). Recent advances indicate that the particular events that are mediated by neurotrophins are dependent upon the cell type and the expression pattern of each neurotrophin receptor. For example, TrkA activation induces cell death of neural tumor cells, and survival and differentiation of neurons. Likewise, p75NTR, when activated in the absence of a strong Trk signal, induces apoptosis of neurons, while in the presence of Trk it enhances responses to neurotrophin. These differing responses point to a complex interplay between neurotrophin-stimulated survival, differentiation, and apoptosis pathways.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Nerve Growth Factors / metabolism*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • ras Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • ras Proteins