Epidemiology of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and its macrovascular complications. A basis for the development of cost-effective programs

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1997 Mar;26(1):165-88. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8529(05)70239-5.


Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is a major health problem in developed countries. The descriptive epidemiology of this disease and its cardiovascular complications are reviewed, and insulin resistance is identified as a common risk factor for both of them. The requirements for cost-effective programs to modify insulin resistance to prevent this disorder and its cardiovascular complications are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Continental Population Groups
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / economics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / economics
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / epidemiology*
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications
  • Risk Factors
  • United States