Fas ligand expression by astrocytoma in vivo: maintaining immune privilege in the brain?

J Clin Invest. 1997 Mar 15;99(6):1173-8. doi: 10.1172/JCI119273.


Astrocytomas are among the most common brain tumors that are usually fatal in their malignant form. They appear to progress without significant impedance from the immune system, despite the presence of intratumoral T cell infiltration. To date, this has been thought to be the result of T cell immunosuppression induced by astrocytoma-derived cytokines. Here, we propose that cell contact-mediated events also play a role, since we demonstrate the in vivo expression of Fas ligand (FasL/CD95L) by human astrocytoma and the efficient killing of Fas-bearing cells by astrocytoma lines in vitro and by tumor cells ex vivo. Functional FasL is expressed by human, mouse, and rat astrocytoma and hence may be a general feature of this nonlymphoid tumor. In the brain, astrocytoma cells can potentially deliver a death signal to Fas+ cells which include infiltrating leukocytes and, paradoxically, astrocytoma cells themselves. The expression of FasL by astrocytoma cells may extend the processes that are postulated to occur in normal brain to maintain immune privilege, since we also show FasL expression by neurons. Overall, our findings suggest that FasL-induced apoptosis by astrocytoma cells may play a significant role in both immunosuppression and the regulation of tumor growth within the central nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astrocytoma / immunology*
  • Astrocytoma / metabolism
  • Astrocytoma / pathology
  • Brain / immunology*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / immunology*
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Humans
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / physiology
  • Mice
  • Rats
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • fas Receptor / metabolism*


  • FASLG protein, human
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Fasl protein, mouse
  • Faslg protein, rat
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • fas Receptor