Interaction of tumor and host cells with adhesion and extracellular matrix molecules in the development of multiple myeloma

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 1997 Feb;11(1):27-42. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8588(05)70413-5.


Adhesion molecules play an important role in the growth regulation and migration of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. They mediate homing of MM cells to the bone marrow and MM cell to bone marrow stromal cell adhesion, with resultant interleukin-6 related autocrine and paracine growth and antiapoptotic affects. Their pattern of expression on tumor cells correlates with the development of plasma cell leukemia or extramedullary disease. Clinically, expression of adhesion molecules on tumor cells or in the serum has already shown prognostic utility. Finally, since adhesion molecules are involved at multiple steps in the pathogenesis of MM, therapeutic studies may target these molecules.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism*
  • Cytokines / physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Multiple Myeloma / metabolism*


  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Cytokines
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins