Adhesion molecules play an important role in the growth regulation and migration of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. They mediate homing of MM cells to the bone marrow and MM cell to bone marrow stromal cell adhesion, with resultant interleukin-6 related autocrine and paracine growth and antiapoptotic affects. Their pattern of expression on tumor cells correlates with the development of plasma cell leukemia or extramedullary disease. Clinically, expression of adhesion molecules on tumor cells or in the serum has already shown prognostic utility. Finally, since adhesion molecules are involved at multiple steps in the pathogenesis of MM, therapeutic studies may target these molecules.