Characteristics of non-participants and reasons for non-participation in a population survey in Kin-Hu, Kinmen

Eur J Epidemiol. 1997 Feb;13(2):195-200. doi: 10.1023/a:1007384525568.


The aim was to characterize non-participants and to investigate reasons for non-participation in a health survey in Kin-Hu township, Kinmen, Republic of China. The non-participants represented 25.6% of the target population of 4,451 registered residents aged 30 and older. Baseline demographic characteristics and two-year mortality for the participants and non-participants were compared. A house-to-house visit was attempted to all of the non-participants for reasons of refusal. The mean age of the non-participants was significantly older than that of the participants (54.3 versus 48.5 years, p < 0.001). The response rate for women was significantly higher than that for men (77.2% versus 71.6%, p < 0.001). The probability of death was significantly different between the two groups (1.2% versus 8.8% for participants and non-participants, respectively, p < 0.001). Major reason for not having participated in the health survey was 'not notified or informed of the examination' (32.7%). These data suggest that non-participants were less healthy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Attitude to Health
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • China / epidemiology
  • Community Participation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pilot Projects
  • Selection Bias*
  • Sex Factors