Infant formulas containing medium chain triglycerides (MTC) have been used for the nutritional management of infants with fat malabsorption. The optimal proportion of MTC in the formula remains to be determined. Three infant formulas with varying proportion of MTC in the fat blend were studied in children with cystic fibrosis, cholestasis or persistent diarrhea. The formula containing 48% of the total energy from fat and 55% of the fat component as MTC was found to be the most suitable for the needs of those infants. It leads to an adequate essential fatty acid status and to improved recovery in those conditions.