Study objective: To quantify the influence of hemodialyzers on vancomycin removal when the drug was infused during hemodialysis.
Design: Prospective, controlled, crossover study with three arms.
Setting: A university-affiliated medical center.
Patients: Eight subjects receiving outpatient hemodialysis.
Interventions: The three treatment arms were vancomycin 1000 mg infused after dialysis was completed (control), and the same dosages infused during the last hour of hemodialysis with a cellulose triacetate (CT) and a cellulose acetate (CA) hemodialyzer.
Measurements and main results: The areas under the curve from time zero to 44 hours (AUC0-44 hrs) for the three study arms were significantly different (p < 0.05), with the mean vancomycin AUC0-44 hrs being significantly lower when administered during CT and CA dialysis (73.7% and 87.2% of control; p < 0.05 vs control). The mean vancomycin peak concentration achieved during CT dialysis was significantly lower than for the CA and control arms (20.5, 23.9, 27.0 mg/L, respectively). Forty-four-hour postinfusion concentrations were similarly lower.
Conclusion: Clinicians should recognize that the composition of the hemodialyzer significantly influences vancomycin serum concentrations when the drug is administered during hemodialysis.