Snoring as part of a dose-response relationship between sleep-disordered breathing and blood pressure

Sleep. 1996 Dec;19(10 Suppl):S202-5. doi: 10.1093/sleep/19.suppl_10.s202.


This report addresses the hypothesis that snoring without significant apneas and hypopneas (simple snoring) is associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Data on blood pressure, previously diagnosed cardiovascular disease, and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) status from a population-based sample of 580 adults was analyzed. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index, increased stepwise across categories of no SDB, simple snoring, mild, moderate, and more severe SDB (p < 0.05). A similar and significant trend was seen for CVD prevalence. The results provide evidence that simple snoring represents the beginning of the SDB severity spectrum and that simple snoring has a proportionately smaller but, nevertheless, significant, risk for elevated blood pressure and CVD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Middle Aged
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / complications*
  • Snoring / etiology*
  • Wakefulness