Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, anogenital cancer, and other cancer types in women after hospitalization for condylomata acuminata

J Infect Dis. 1997 Apr;175(4):743-8. doi: 10.1086/513966.


To investigate the possible association between condylomata acuminata and anogenital neoplasia, a cohort of 9552 women recorded as having condylomata acuminata in the Danish Hospital Discharge Register during 1977-1989 was followed through 1991 for the occurrence of cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III) by linkage to the Danish Cancer Registry. Eleven cases of vulvar cancer were identified, with 0.3 expected (standardized incidence ratio [SIR], 40.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 20.0-71.7), and there were increased risks for cervical cancer (SIR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.3-3.0), anal cancer (SIR, 8.5; 95% CI, 0.9-30.5), and CIN III (SIR, 2.6; 95% CI, 2.3-2.9). Risks were also elevated for non-anogenital cancers, notably lung cancer (SIR, 3.8; 95% CI, 2.2-6.0). Although confounding by smoking and other factors may exist, these results support the view that condylomata acuminata are associated with an increased risk of anogenital neoplasias, particularly vulvar cancer, and emphasize that women hospitalized with these lesions should undergo thorough anal and gynecologic examinations at regular intervals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anus Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Condylomata Acuminata / complications*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / etiology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Vulvar Neoplasms / etiology*