Basic differential diagnosis of arthritis

Eur Radiol. 1997;7(3):344-51. doi: 10.1007/s003300050165.


This article outlines an approach to basic plain-film diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the arthritides. It advocates the use of an analysis of which part of the joint is involved, and works through a logical sequence to reach a final diagnosis. It recommends the concept of dividing up the arthritides into those in which the radiological effects predominantly affect synovium, cartilage or the enthesis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Arthrography
  • Cartilage, Articular / diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans