Prognosis of acute renal failure in children: a multivariate analysis

Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Apr;11(2):153-5. doi: 10.1007/s004670050247.

Abstract

Various factors were analyzed in 80 consecutive children under 16 years who had acute renal failure (ARF), for various prognostic factors. Overall mortality was 42.5%, with significantly higher levels seen in hemolytic uremic syndrome (68%, P < 0.05) and associated with cardiac surgery (90.9%, P < 0.01). Anuria (67.6% vs. 43.5%, P < 0.05), need for dialysis (85.3% vs. 56.5%, P < 0.05), neurological complications (50% vs. 6.3%, P < 0.01), and respiratory complications (35.2% vs. 2.1%, P < 0.01) were significantly higher in nonsurvivors than survivors. Multiple regression analysis showed the presence of neurological and respiratory complications to be poor prognostic factors.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / complications
  • Acute Kidney Injury / epidemiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury / mortality*
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Survival
  • Treatment Outcome