Objective: To study the effect of tuberculosis, a common infectious disease in the Indian subcontinent, on the female pelvic factor and its subsequent effect on female fertility.
Design: Retrospective case studies.
Setting: Department of Infertility Management and Assisted Reproduction, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Bombay, India.
Patient(s): Three hundred women, between the ages of 25 and 35 years, with tubal factor as a cause of their infertile state.
Result(s): One hundred seventeen women with a tubal factor were found to have tuberculosis as the cause of tubal blockage. On laparoscopy, 49.5% were found to have simple tubal blockage, 15.3% showed tubo-ovarian masses, and 23.9% had a frozen pelvis. Seventy-five percent complained of menstrual irregularities, thus indicating endometrial involvement; 25.6% of these women underwent an IVF procedure. The pregnancy rate after IVF-ET was 16.6% per transfer.
Conclusion(s): This study highlights the fact that tuberculosis, a chronic infectious disease, is one of the major etiologic factors of female tubal infertility, especially on the Indian subcontinent.