The bifunctional DCOH protein binds to HNF1 independently of its 4-alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase activity

Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Apr 15;25(8):1476-84. doi: 10.1093/nar/25.8.1476.


HNF1 is a liver enriched atypical homeoprotein isolated from vertebrates which is involved in the transcriptional activation of liver, kidney, intestine and pancreas specific genes. HNF1 contains an N-terminal dimerisation and a POU-like domain both essential together with the homeodomain for DNA specific recognition. Using the yeast two-hybrid system we searched for proteins interacting with HNF1. We repeatedly obtained cDNA clones encoding DCOH/4-alpha-carbinolamine dehydratase, an enzyme involved in the oxidation of aromatic amino acids that was shown to bind to and stabilise HNF1 dimers. Using the yeast system, we show that the enzymatic activity of DCOH is not essential for HNF1 binding and that the HNF1 dimerisation domain is sufficient for DCOH binding. Furthermore we demonstrate that both proteins co-localise in co-transfected cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Library
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Humans
  • Hydro-Lyases / biosynthesis
  • Hydro-Lyases / metabolism*
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transfection
  • Vertebrates


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HNF1A protein, human
  • HNF1B protein, human
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Hydro-Lyases
  • pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase