Very-low-birthweight infants and income incongruity among African American and white parents in Chicago

Am J Public Health. 1997 Mar;87(3):414-7. doi: 10.2105/ajph.87.3.414.

Abstract

Objectives: Illinois vital records for 1982/1983 and US census income data for 1980 were analyzed to ascertain the relationship of income incongruity, race, and very low birthweight.

Methods: Positive income incongruity was considered present when study infants resided in wealthier neighborhoods than non-Latino Whites at the same level of parental education attainment and marital status.

Results: The odds ratios of very low birthweight for African Americans (n = 44,266) and Whites (n = 27,139) who experienced positive income incongruity were 0.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.5, 0.9) and 0.6 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9), respectively.

Conclusions: Positive income incongruity is associated with lower race-specific rates of very low birthweight.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Censuses
  • Chicago / epidemiology
  • Educational Status
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income / statistics & numerical data*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Odds Ratio
  • Parity
  • Socioeconomic Factors