Background & aims: Juvenile polyps are characterized by an abundant lamina propria that lacks smooth muscle and may contain cystically dilated glands, with epithelium that seems normal and is nondysplastic. Rarely, an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern occurs. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the genetic defect in both sporadic juvenile polyps and hereditary juvenile polyposis involves loss of function for a tumor suppressor gene.
Methods: Allelic losses were detected by comparing normal DNA with tumor DNA from a series of 47 juvenile polyps from 16 patients using polymerase chain reaction amplification of microsatellite markers and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH).
Results: Somatic deletions at 10q22 were detected in 39 of 47 juvenile polyps (83%) from 16 unrelated patients with either hereditary or sporadic juvenile polyps, and the minimum overlap localized juvenile polyposis coli to the 3-cM interval D10S219-D10S1696. Fluorescent in situ hybridization shows that the cells affected by deletion mutation reside exclusively in the lamina propria, not in the epithelium.
Conclusions: The location of a novel tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 10 that is affected by deletion mutation in the majority of juvenile polyps was mapped. Unlike adenomas and carcinomas of the colonic epithelium, juvenile polyps originate in the lamina propria.