DNA polymerase delta is required for human mismatch repair in vitro

J Biol Chem. 1997 Apr 18;272(16):10917-21. doi: 10.1074/jbc.272.16.10917.


HeLa nuclear extract was resolved into a depleted fraction incapable of supporting mismatch repair in vitro, and repair activity was restored upon the addition of a purified fraction isolated from HeLa cells by in vitro complementation assay. The highly enriched complementing activity copurified with a DNA polymerase, and the most pure fraction contained DNA polymerase delta but was free of detectable DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon. Calf thymus DNA polymerase delta also fully restored mismatch repair to the depleted extract, indicating DNA polymerase delta is required for mismatch repair in human cells. However, due to the presence of DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon in the depleted extract, potential involvement of one or both of these activities in the reaction cannot be excluded.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies
  • Base Composition
  • Cattle
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / chemistry
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / isolation & purification
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • KB Cells
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / immunology
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / analysis


  • Antibodies
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • DNA
  • DNA Polymerase II
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase