Hepatitis vaccines

Dig Dis. Jan-Apr 1997;15(1-2):1-22. doi: 10.1159/000171585.

Abstract

Viral hepatitis accounts for substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide, To date, the molecular sequences of six hepatotropic viruses have been described and designated hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, and G. Various methods have been employed to decrease the occurrence of these diseases, and advances in vaccination strategies have aided in prevention of viral hepatitis. There are currently two FDA-approved vaccines licensed for use in the United States, aimed at eradication of hepatitis A and hepatitis B viral infection. A considerable amount of research has been devoted to the development of these vaccines, and progress has been made toward the development of vaccines aimed at the other hepatotropic viruses. In this article, the development and current status of the vaccines directed against the hepatitis viruses are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Flaviviridae / immunology
  • Hepatitis A / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / immunology
  • Hepatitis C / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis D / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis E / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis Viruses / immunology
  • Hepatitis, Viral, Human / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines, Combined / administration & dosage
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines* / administration & dosage
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines* / adverse effects
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines* / immunology

Substances

  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Combined
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines