Childhood needlestick injuries and other risk exposures outside of hospital are becoming increasingly common. A retrospective review of casenotes to ascertain the incidence, epidemiology and adequacy of management and follow-up of exposures in the Dublin metropolitan area revealed 52 cases between July 1995 and October 1996. Median age of children was 7.4 years. Most occurred in inner city areas with a recognised high prevalence of i.v. drug use. Only 2 high-risk exposures were identified. On presentation all cases received Hepatitis B vaccination and 56% received Hepatitis B immunoglobulin. Following Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus and Human immunodeficiency virus testing, no seroconversions have been identified to date in 9 children with completed tests. General follow-up and Hepatitis B immunisation when initiated were not always complete. Standardised management protocols and wider availability of counselling are recommended.