Quinidine is a known inhibitor of cytochrome P450-mediated nifedipine metabolism. The interactions of nifedipine and quinidine with human cytochrome P450 3A4, which metabolizes these drugs, were examined using the kinetics of CO binding to this P450 as a rapid kinetic probe of protein conformation and dynamics. This approach showed that nifedipine and quinidine bind to different P450 3A4 species, respectively termed species I and II, with distinct conformations. When both drugs were present simultaneously, nifedipine interacted with the quinidine-bound P450 species II, but not species I. These findings indicate that quinidine acts as an allosteric inhibitor by switching nifedipine binding from nifedipine-metabolizing species I to the nonmetabolizing species II.