Incidence of falls in three different types of geriatric care. A Swedish prospective study

Scand J Soc Med. 1997 Mar;25(1):8-13. doi: 10.1177/140349489702500103.


The incidence and consequences of falls were investigated in three different types of Swedish geriatric care clinics: a geriatric rehabilitation clinic, a psychogeriatric clinic and a nursing home. Falls were prospectively registered by the nursing staff. The incidence rate (and 95% confidence interval) of falls per 10,000 patient days of the psychogeriatric clinic was 171 (146-196), compared with 92 (72-112) at the geriatric rehabilitation clinic, and 31 (22-41) at the nursing home. Most falls (62%) did not result in injury, while major injuries occurred in 5%. We conclude that accidental falls are a major problem in geriatric care in Sweden, but there is a considerable difference in incidence rates between different types of institutions.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / prevention & control
  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Homes for the Aged / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitals, Psychiatric / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Nursing Homes / statistics & numerical data*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rehabilitation Centers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology