The roles of preB cell receptor in early B cell development and its signal transduction

Immunol Cell Biol. 1997 Apr;75(2):209-16. doi: 10.1038/icb.1997.32.

Abstract

The preB cell receptor is expressed for a short period after mu heavy chain is produced, that is, at the large preB cell stage in B cell development. The severe impairment of B cell differentiation observed in mice deficient for the preB cell receptor clearly demonstrated the importance of the preB cell receptor in B cell development. Analyses of bone marrow precursor B cells in normal and B cell-deficient mutant mice indicated the preB cell receptor transduced signals to drive cell cycle and to induce allelic exclusion. The proliferation of the preB cell receptor-expressing cells leads to the selective expansion of cells which have succeeded in the productive rearrangement of mu heavy chain gene. This process builds up a preB cell pool large enough to generate sufficient numbers of mature B cells. The preB cell receptor appears to induce allelic exclusion by shutting off the expression of recombinase activation gene (RAG). In order to analyse the signal transduction pathway downstream of the preB cell receptor, we have developed a new system in which cross-linking of Ig beta expressed on bone marrow proB cells mimics the signalling through the preB cell receptor to induce differentiation from proB to small preB cells.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / physiology*
  • DNA Nucleotidyltransferases / genetics
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte / genetics
  • Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin Light Chains
  • Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Surrogate
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Integrases*
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology
  • Mice
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / immunology
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / physiology*
  • Recombinases
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*

Substances

  • Immunoglobulin Light Chains
  • Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Surrogate
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
  • Recombinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • DNA Nucleotidyltransferases
  • Integrases
  • integron integrase IntI1