Medial calcinosis of Mönckeberg. A review of the problem and a description of a patient with involvement of peripheral, visceral and coronary arteries

Am J Med. 1977 Oct;63(4):615-22. doi: 10.1016/0002-9343(77)90207-8.


Massive medial calcific deposits (Mönckeberg's calcinosis) are described in the peripheral and visceral arteries, and similar but small-sized deposits in the coronary arteries of a 41 year old woman with diabetes mellitus. Although observed by roentgenogram fairly commonly during life in the muscular arteries of the legs in middle-aged men, medial calcinosis infrequently involves the visceral arteries and has never, to our knowledge, been documented in the coronary arteries. Although it may be associated with intimal atherosclerosis, medial calcinosis, per se, does not obstruct the lumens of the arteries and, therefore, does not lead to symptoms or signs of limb or organ ischemia. The cause of medial calcinosis remains a mystery, but it appears to affect people with diabetes more frequently than those without.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arteriosclerosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Arteriosclerosis / pathology
  • Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Calcinosis / pathology
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Syndrome